首页Autonomous Driving-Technical, Legal and Social Aspects
This book takes a look at fully automated, autonomous vehicles and discusses many open questions: How can autonomous vehicles be integrated into the current transportation system with diverse users and human drivers? Where do automated vehicles fall under current legal frameworks? What risks are associated with automation and how will society respond to these risks? How will the marketplace react to automated vehicles and what changes may be necessary for companies?
Markus Maurer · J. Christian Gerdes
Barbara Lenz · Hermann Winner Editors
and Social Aspects
J. Christian Gerdes
Technical, Legal and Social Aspects
Institut für Regelungstechnik
Technische Universität Braunschweig
J. Christian Gerdes
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Institut für Verkehrsforschung
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft-
und Raumfahrt e. V., Berlin
ISBN 978-3-662-48845-4 ISBN 978-3-662-48847-8 (eBook)
Library of Congress Control Number: 2016930537
© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2015, 2016. This book is published open access.
Translation from the German language edition: Autonomes Fahren by Maurer, Gerdes, Lenz, Winner, © Daimler
und Benz-Stiftung, Ladenburg 2015. All Rights Reserved.
Open Access This book is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
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Society and Mobility
As by clear evidence: We are on the brink of the next mobile revolution. Autonomous
vehicles will become an element of road trafﬁc. The data needed is provided by cameras
and sensors, and proces sed in real time by a computer in fractions of a second. These
vehicles permanently exchange information with one another and with the transport
infrastructure. Driving robots are to successively relieve the driver o f individual tasks.
Nonetheless, the technological perspective of autonomous driving is only one aspect of
many. Autonomous vehicles will also have a direct impact on our society that today we
can barel y imagine. Numerous critical questions arise: What are the prospects concerning
data security? How shall we deal with wide-ranging interventions in our own mobile
autonomy? What problems result when an autonomous vehicle crosses national borders?
In what form will insurance companies assume liability for autonomous vehicles involved
in accidents in the future? Or, vice versa: Can we continue to leave humans at the wheel at
all, and may driving robots prove to increase road safety?
The Daimler and Benz Foundation considers the social dimension of these changes to
be of at least as great signi ﬁcance as the technological one. Innovative technologies are by
themselves insufﬁcient to shape these developments and to realize automated driving in
our society. We are therefore well advised to already start asking ourselves such questions
today and not simply accept this profound change in our mobility as given, allowing it to
“overrun” us. To shed light on the ethical, social, legal, psychological, or transport-related
aspects of this process, the Daimler and Benz Foundation invited researchers from various
specialist ﬁelds to address this topic.
The project’s core team—Markus Maurer, Barbara Lenz, Hermann Winner, and
J. Christian Gerdes—identiﬁed the most perti nent questions from their point of view. At
the same time, the four resear chers established an international network of renowned
specialists, who agreed to share their views and experience. The result before us now, a
帮我翻译一下：From a broader perspective, not only does harnessing topological protection in nonlinear active circuits promise a new generation of autonomous devices, but also understanding their design and self-organization principles may offer insights into information storage and processing mechanisms in living systems, which integrate cellular activity, electrical signaling, and nonlinear feedback to coordinate essential biological functions
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