class Pointnet2MSG(nn.Module): def __init__(self, input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): super().__init__() self.SA_modules = nn.ModuleList() channel_in = input_channels skip_channel_list = [input_channels] for k in range(cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS.len()): mlps = cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.MLPS[k].copy() channel_out = 0 for idx in range(mlps.len()): mlps[idx] = [channel_in] + mlps[idx] channel_out += mlps[idx][-1] mlps.append(channel_out) self.SA_modules.append( nn.Sequential( PointnetSAModuleMSG( npoint=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS[k], radii=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.RADIUS[k], nsamples=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NSAMPLE[k], mlps=mlps, use_xyz=use_xyz, bn=cfg.RPN.USE_BN ), SelfAttention(channel_out) ) ) skip_channel_list.append(channel_out) channel_in = channel_out你可以给我详细分析下这段代码每一句的含义和作用吗,越详细越好,我有点看不懂它

时间: 2023-11-27 12:50:13 浏览: 34
当然可以,我会尽可能详细地解释每一句代码的含义和作用。 ``` class Pointnet2MSG(nn.Module): def __init__(self, input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): super().__init__() self.SA_modules = nn.ModuleList() channel_in = input_channels skip_channel_list = [input_channels] ``` 这是定义了一个名为`Pointnet2MSG`的类,它继承自`nn.Module`。在初始化函数`__init__`中,设定了`input_channels`输入通道数和`use_xyz`是否使用点云坐标作为输入的参数。`super().__init__()`表示调用父类的初始化函数。`self.SA_modules`是一个`nn.ModuleList()`,用于存储多个`PointnetSAModuleMSG`模块,`channel_in`是输入通道数,`skip_channel_list`是跳跃连接的通道列表。 ``` for k in range(cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS.len()): mlps = cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.MLPS[k].copy() channel_out = 0 for idx in range(mlps.len()): mlps[idx] = [channel_in] + mlps[idx] channel_out += mlps[idx][-1] mlps.append(channel_out) self.SA_modules.append( nn.Sequential( PointnetSAModuleMSG( npoint=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS[k], radii=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.RADIUS[k], nsamples=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NSAMPLE[k], mlps=mlps, use_xyz=use_xyz, bn=cfg.RPN.USE_BN ), SelfAttention(channel_out) ) ) skip_channel_list.append(channel_out) channel_in = channel_out ``` 这是一个循环,用于遍历`cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS`中的每个元素,并对每个元素都构建一个`PointnetSAModuleMSG`模块。其中,`mlps`是多层感知器(MLP)列表,每个MLP的输入通道数为`channel_in`,输出通道数为`mlps[idx][-1]`,`channel_out`表示当前模块的输出通道数。循环中,将每个MLP的输入通道数改为`channel_in+mlps[idx][0]`,并将所有MLP的输出通道数累加到`channel_out`中。最后,将总输出通道数`channel_out`添加到`mlps`的末尾,构建`PointnetSAModuleMSG`模块,并将该模块和一个`SelfAttention`层放在一起构成一个`nn.Sequential`模块,最后将该模块添加到`self.SA_modules`列表中,并将`channel_out`添加到`skip_channel_list`中。最后一行代码将`channel_out`赋值给`channel_in`,以便下一次循环使用。 总的来说,这段代码的作用是构建了一个带有多层感知器(MLP)和自注意力机制的点云分割网络,其中`PointnetSAModuleMSG`模块用于提取特征,`SelfAttention`层用于增强特征的表达能力,`nn.Sequential`用于将两个模块串联起来。

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class Pointnet2MSG(nn.Module): def __init__(self, input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): super().__init__() self.SA_modules = nn.ModuleList() channel_in = input_channels skip_channel_list = [input_channels] for k in range(cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS.__len__()): mlps = cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.MLPS[k].copy() channel_out = 0 for idx in range(mlps.__len__()): mlps[idx] = [channel_in] + mlps[idx] channel_out += mlps[idx][-1] self.SA_modules.append( PointnetSAModuleMSG( npoint=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS[k], radii=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.RADIUS[k], nsamples=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NSAMPLE[k], mlps=mlps, use_xyz=use_xyz, bn=cfg.RPN.USE_BN ) ) skip_channel_list.append(channel_out) channel_in = channel_out这是我改进之前的类代码块,而这是我加入SA注意力机制后的代码块:class Pointnet2MSG(nn.Module): def __init__(self, input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): super().__init__() self.SA_modules = nn.ModuleList() channel_in = input_channels skip_channel_list = [input_channels] for k in range(cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS.__len__()): mlps = cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.MLPS[k].copy() channel_out = 0 for idx in range(mlps.__len__()): mlps[idx] = [channel_in] + mlps[idx] channel_out += mlps[idx][-1] mlps.append(channel_out) self.SA_modules.append( nn.Sequential( PointnetSAModuleMSG( npoint=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS[k], radii=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.RADIUS[k], nsamples=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NSAMPLE[k], mlps=mlps, use_xyz=use_xyz, bn=cfg.RPN.USE_BN, ), SelfAttention(channel_out) ) ) skip_channel_list.append(channel_out) channel_in = channel_out,我发现改进后的代码块对于mlps参数的计算非常混乱,请你帮我检查一下,予以更正并给出注释

class SelfAttention(nn.Module): def __init__(self, in_channels, reduction=4): super(SelfAttention, self).__init__() self.avg_pool = nn.AdaptiveAvgPool1d(1) self.fc1 = nn.Conv1d(in_channels, in_channels // reduction, 1, bias=False) self.relu = nn.ReLU(inplace=True) self.fc2 = nn.Conv1d(in_channels // reduction, in_channels, 1, bias=False) self.sigmoid = nn.Sigmoid() def forward(self, x): b, c, n = x.size() y = self.avg_pool(x) y = self.fc1(y) y = self.relu(y) y = self.fc2(y) y = self.sigmoid(y) return x * y.expand_as(x) def get_model(input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): return Pointnet2MSG(input_channels=input_channels, use_xyz=use_xyz) class Pointnet2MSG(nn.Module): def __init__(self, input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): super().__init__() self.SA_modules = nn.ModuleList() channel_in = input_channels skip_channel_list = [input_channels] for k in range(cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS.len()): mlps = cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.MLPS[k].copy() channel_out = 0 for idx in range(mlps.len()): mlps[idx] = [channel_in] + mlps[idx] channel_out += mlps[idx][-1] mlps.append(channel_out) self.SA_modules.append( nn.Sequential( PointnetSAModuleMSG( npoint=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS[k], radii=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.RADIUS[k], nsamples=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NSAMPLE[k], mlps=mlps, use_xyz=use_xyz, bn=cfg.RPN.USE_BN ), SelfAttention(channel_out) ) ) skip_channel_list.append(channel_out) channel_in = channel_out self.FP_modules = nn.ModuleList() for k in range(cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS.len()): pre_channel = cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS[k + 1][-1] if k + 1 < len(cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS) else channel_out self.FP_modules.append( PointnetFPModule( mlp=[pre_channel + skip_channel_list[k]] + cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS[k] ) ) def _break_up_pc(self, pc): xyz = pc[..., 0:3].contiguous() features = ( pc[..., 3:].transpose(1, 2).contiguous() if pc.size(-1) > 3 else None ) return xyz, features def forward(self, pointcloud: torch.cuda.FloatTensor): xyz, features = self._break_up_pc(pointcloud) l_xyz, l_features = [xyz], [features] for i in range(len(self.SA_modules)): li_xyz, li_features = self.SA_modules[i](l_xyz[i], l_features[i]) l_xyz.append(li_xyz) l_features.append(li_features) for i in range(-1, -(len(self.FP_modules) + 1), -1): l_features[i - 1] = self.FP_modules[i]( l_xyz[i - 1], l_xyz[i], l_features[i - 1], l_features[i] ) return l_xyz[0], l_features[0]在forward函数中,如果我要使用channel_out变量传入SA_modules中,我该如何在forward函数中计算并得到它,再传入SA_modules中,你可以给我详细的代码吗?

class SelfAttention(nn.Module): def init(self, in_channels, reduction=4): super(SelfAttention, self).init() self.avg_pool = nn.AdaptiveAvgPool1d(1) self.fc1 = nn.Conv1d(in_channels, in_channels // reduction, 1, bias=False) self.relu = nn.ReLU(inplace=True) self.fc2 = nn.Conv1d(in_channels // reduction, in_channels, 1, bias=False) self.sigmoid = nn.Sigmoid() def forward(self, x): b, c, n = x.size() y = self.avg_pool(x) y = self.fc1(y) y = self.relu(y) y = self.fc2(y) y = self.sigmoid(y) return x * y.expand_as(x) def get_model(input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): return Pointnet2MSG(input_channels=input_channels, use_xyz=use_xyz) class Pointnet2MSG(nn.Module): def init(self, input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): super().init() self.SA_modules = nn.ModuleList() channel_in = input_channels skip_channel_list = [input_channels] for k in range(cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS.len()): mlps = cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.MLPS[k].copy() channel_out = 0 for idx in range(mlps.len()): mlps[idx] = [channel_in] + mlps[idx] channel_out += mlps[idx][-1] mlps.append(channel_out) self.SA_modules.append( nn.Sequential( PointnetSAModuleMSG( npoint=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS[k], radii=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.RADIUS[k], nsamples=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NSAMPLE[k], mlps=mlps, use_xyz=use_xyz, bn=cfg.RPN.USE_BN ), SelfAttention(channel_out) ) ) skip_channel_list.append(channel_out) channel_in = channel_out self.FP_modules = nn.ModuleList() for k in range(cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS.len()): pre_channel = cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS[k + 1][-1] if k + 1 < len(cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS) else channel_out self.FP_modules.append( PointnetFPModule( mlp=[pre_channel + skip_channel_list[k]] + cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS[k] ) )根据如上代码,如果要在Pointnet2MSG类中的forward函数调用SA_modules的话需要传入哪些参数,几个参数?初步的forward函数时这样的 def forward(self, pointcloud: torch.cuda.FloatTensor): xyz, features = self._break_up_pc(pointcloud) l_xyz, l_features = [xyz]然后需要return l_xyz[0], l_features[0]

class SelfAttention(nn.Module): def __init__(self, in_channels, reduction=4): super(SelfAttention, self).__init__() self.avg_pool = nn.AdaptiveAvgPool1d(1) # print("in_channels", in_channels) print("in_channels:", in_channels) print("reduction:", reduction) self.fc1 = nn.Conv1d(in_channels, in_channels // reduction, 1, bias=False) self.relu = nn.ReLU(inplace=True) self.fc2 = nn.Conv1d(in_channels // reduction, in_channels, 1, bias=False) self.sigmoid = nn.Sigmoid() def forward(self, x): b, c, n = x.size() print("x.shape=", x.shape) y = self.avg_pool(x) print("y.shape=", y.shape) # print("channel_out", channel_out) y = self.fc1(y) y = self.relu(y) y = self.fc2(y) y = self.sigmoid(y) return x * y.expand_as(x) def get_model(input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): return Pointnet2MSG(input_channels=input_channels, use_xyz=use_xyz) class Pointnet2MSG(nn.Module): def __init__(self, input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): super(Pointnet2MSG, self).__init__() self.SA_modules = nn.ModuleList() channel_in = input_channels # print("channel_in=", channel_in) skip_channel_list = [input_channels] for k in range(cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS.__len__()): mlps = cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.MLPS[k].copy() channel_out = 0 # print("channel_in=", channel_in) for idx in range(mlps.__len__()): mlps[idx] = [channel_in] + mlps[idx] channel_out += mlps[idx][-1] mlps.append(channel_out) # print(mlps) print("channel_out", channel_out) self.SA_modules.append( nn.Sequential( PointnetSAModuleMSG( npoint=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS[k], radii=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.RADIUS[k], nsamples=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NSAMPLE[k], mlps=mlps[:2], use_xyz=use_xyz, bn=cfg.RPN.USE_BN, ), SelfAttention(channel_out) ) ) skip_channel_list.append(channel_out) channel_in = channel_out根据以上代码块,自注意力机制模块中forward函数所接受的x参数的值到底是什么?

import torch import torch.nn as nn from pointnet2_lib.pointnet2.pointnet2_modules import PointnetFPModule, PointnetSAModuleMSG from lib.config import cfg class SelfAttention(nn.Module): def __init__(self, in_channels, reduction=4): super(SelfAttention, self).__init__() self.avg_pool = nn.AdaptiveAvgPool1d(1) self.fc1 = nn.Conv1d(in_channels, in_channels // reduction, 1, bias=False) self.relu = nn.ReLU(inplace=True) self.fc2 = nn.Conv1d(in_channels // reduction, in_channels, 1, bias=False) self.sigmoid = nn.Sigmoid() def forward(self, x): b, c, n = x.size() y = self.avg_pool(x) y = self.fc1(y) y = self.relu(y) y = self.fc2(y) y = self.sigmoid(y) return x * y.expand_as(x) def get_model(input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): return Pointnet2MSG(input_channels=input_channels, use_xyz=use_xyz) class Pointnet2MSG(nn.Module): def __init__(self, input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): super().__init__() self.SA_modules = nn.ModuleList() channel_in = input_channels skip_channel_list = [input_channels] for k in range(cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS.len()): mlps = cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.MLPS[k].copy() channel_out = 0 for idx in range(mlps.len()): mlps[idx] = [channel_in] + mlps[idx] channel_out += mlps[idx][-1] mlps.append(channel_out) self.SA_modules.append( nn.Sequential( PointnetSAModuleMSG( npoint=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS[k], radii=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.RADIUS[k], nsamples=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NSAMPLE[k], mlps=mlps, use_xyz=use_xyz, bn=cfg.RPN.USE_BN ), SelfAttention(channel_out) ) ) skip_channel_list.append(channel_out) channel_in = channel_out self.FP_modules = nn.ModuleList() for k in range(cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS.len()): pre_channel = cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS[k + 1][-1] if k + 1 < len(cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS) else channel_out self.FP_modules.append( PointnetFPModule( mlp=[pre_channel + skip_channel_list[k]] + cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS[k] ) ) def _break_up_pc(self, pc): xyz = pc[..., 0:3].contiguous() features = ( pc[..., 3:].transpose(1, 2).contiguous() if pc.size(-1) > 3 else None ) return xyz, features def forward(self, pointcloud: torch.cuda.FloatTensor): xyz, features = self._break_up_pc(pointcloud) l_xyz, l_features = [xyz], [features] for i in range(len(self.SA_modules)): li_xyz, li_features = self.SA_modules[i](l_xyz[i], l_features[i]) l_xyz.append(li_xyz) l_features.append(li_features) for i in range(-1, -(len(self.FP_modules) + 1), -1): l_features[i - 1] = self.FP_modules[i]( l_xyz[i - 1], l_xyz[i], l_features[i - 1], l_features[i] ) return l_xyz[0], l_features[0]中的 SA_modules的forward函数接受几个参数,为什么

class SelfAttention(nn.Module): def init(self, in_channels, reduction=4): super(SelfAttention, self).init() self.avg_pool = nn.AdaptiveAvgPool1d(1) # print("in_channels", in_channels) print("in_channels:", in_channels) print("reduction:", reduction) self.fc1 = nn.Conv1d(in_channels, in_channels // reduction, 1, bias=False) self.relu = nn.ReLU(inplace=True) self.fc2 = nn.Conv1d(in_channels // reduction, in_channels, 1, bias=False) self.sigmoid = nn.Sigmoid() def forward(self, x): b, c, n = x.size() print("x.shape=", x.shape) y = self.avg_pool(x) print("y.shape=", y.shape) # print("channel_out", channel_out) y = self.fc1(y) y = self.relu(y) y = self.fc2(y) y = self.sigmoid(y) return x * y.expand_as(x) def get_model(input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): return Pointnet2MSG(input_channels=input_channels, use_xyz=use_xyz) class Pointnet2MSG(nn.Module): def init(self, input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): super(Pointnet2MSG, self).init() self.SA_modules = nn.ModuleList() channel_in = input_channels # print("channel_in=", channel_in) skip_channel_list = [input_channels] for k in range(cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS.len()): mlps = cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.MLPS[k].copy() channel_out = 0 # print("channel_in=", channel_in) for idx in range(mlps.len()): mlps[idx] = [channel_in] + mlps[idx] channel_out += mlps[idx][-1] mlps.append(channel_out) # print(mlps) print("channel_out", channel_out) self.SA_modules.append( nn.Sequential( PointnetSAModuleMSG( npoint=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS[k], radii=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.RADIUS[k], nsamples=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NSAMPLE[k], mlps=mlps[:2], use_xyz=use_xyz, bn=cfg.RPN.USE_BN, ), SelfAttention(channel_out) ) ) skip_channel_list.append(channel_out) channel_in = channel_out根据以上代码块,自注意力机制模块中forward函数所接受的x参数的值到底是什么?是SA模块的输出张量吗?

import torch import torch.nn as nn from pointnet2_lib.pointnet2.pointnet2_modules import PointnetFPModule, PointnetSAModuleMSG from lib.config import cfg def get_model(input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): return Pointnet2MSG(input_channels=input_channels, use_xyz=use_xyz) class Pointnet2MSG(nn.Module): def init(self, input_channels=6, use_xyz=True): super().init() self.SA_modules = nn.ModuleList() channel_in = input_channels skip_channel_list = [input_channels] for k in range(cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS.len()): mlps = cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.MLPS[k].copy() channel_out = 0 for idx in range(mlps.len()): mlps[idx] = [channel_in] + mlps[idx] channel_out += mlps[idx][-1] self.SA_modules.append( PointnetSAModuleMSG( npoint=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NPOINTS[k], radii=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.RADIUS[k], nsamples=cfg.RPN.SA_CONFIG.NSAMPLE[k], mlps=mlps, use_xyz=use_xyz, bn=cfg.RPN.USE_BN ) ) skip_channel_list.append(channel_out) channel_in = channel_out self.FP_modules = nn.ModuleList() for k in range(cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS.len()): pre_channel = cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS[k + 1][-1] if k + 1 < len(cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS) else channel_out self.FP_modules.append( PointnetFPModule(mlp=[pre_channel + skip_channel_list[k]] + cfg.RPN.FP_MLPS[k]) ) def _break_up_pc(self, pc): xyz = pc[..., 0:3].contiguous() features = ( pc[..., 3:].transpose(1, 2).contiguous() if pc.size(-1) > 3 else None ) return xyz, features def forward(self, pointcloud: torch.cuda.FloatTensor): xyz, features = self._break_up_pc(pointcloud) l_xyz, l_features = [xyz], [features] for i in range(len(self.SA_modules)): li_xyz, li_features = self.SA_modules[i](l_xyz[i], l_features[i]) l_xyz.append(li_xyz) l_features.append(li_features) for i in range(-1, -(len(self.FP_modules) + 1), -1): l_features[i - 1] = self.FP_modules[i]( l_xyz[i - 1], l_xyz[i], l_features[i - 1], l_features[i] ) return l_xyz[0], l_features[0]对于该代码中的PointnetSAModuleMSG模块和PointnetFPModule模块,我都加入了注意力机制以试图提升整个网络的性能,但是在改进后却在PointnetSAModuleMSG类内出现了其父类返回值new_xyz数值为空的问题,你知道有哪些可能的原因吗

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